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Installing Exchange Server 2007 : Implementing Active Directory from Scratch (part 2) - Installing the Service Pack, Installing the First Domain Controller for a New Domain

6/13/2013 7:42:57 PM
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2.2 Installing and Configuring Windows Server 2003 Service Pack 1

Windows Server 2003, like with all other Microsoft applications, has periodic updates that become available for the software. Interim updates can be downloaded and installed via the Windows Update option on the system, or a visit to the Windows Update website (http://update.microsoft.com) initiates the installer to check for the latest updates for Windows.

Major updates come in service packs that roll up patches and updates into a single installation. Installing a service pack brings a server up to date with all of the updates to the point in time when the service pack was issued. The service packs for Windows Server 2003 are cumulative, so the installation of Service Pack 2 includes all of the updates released prior to Service Pack 2, including the Service Pack 1 update.

You can install a service pack update in two ways:

  • Windows Update— The service pack can be downloaded and automatically installed as part of the normal update process.

  • Download and install— The service pack can be downloaded as a file and then the file can be launched to install the update. This is frequently done when a system is not connected to the Internet, or when a scheduled installation is desired as opposed to an immediate installation after a download from the Internet.

2.3 Installing the Service Pack

To update Windows Server 2003 with a service pack, obtain or download the service pack binaries from http://www.microsoft.com/downloads, and perform the following steps:

1.
Start the installation by either double-clicking on the downloaded file or finding the update.exe file located with the Windows Server 2003 Service Pack 1 media.

2.
At the welcome screen, shown in Figure 2, click Next to continue.

Figure 2. Updating Windows Server 2003 with Service Pack 1.


3.
Read the licensing agreement, and select I Agree if you agree with the terms. Click Next to continue.

4.
Accept the defaults for the Uninstall directory, and click Next to continue.

5.
The service pack then begins the installation process, which takes 10 to 20 minutes to complete. Click Finish to end the service pack installation and reboot the server.

Note

It is also possible to obtain and install the latest service pack via Microsoft Update or Windows Update. The URL is http://update.microsoft.com/microsoftupdate/v6/default.aspx?ln=en-us.


2.4 Updating and Patching the Operating System

In addition to the patches that were installed as part of the service pack, security updates and patches are constantly being released by Microsoft. It is highly advantageous to install the critical updates made available by Microsoft for the operating system, particularly when it is first being built. These patches can be manually downloaded and installed, or they can be automatically applied by using Windows Update or Microsoft Update.

2.5 Installing the First Domain Controller for a New Domain

Installing a new domain requires the installation of a new domain controller and Microsoft AD. After the previous steps for installing Windows Server 2003 are complete, it is possible to run the dcpromo command to begin installing AD. To begin the AD Installation Wizard, do the following:

1.
Choose Start, Run, type dcpromo in the Open text box, and then click OK. This opens the Welcome to the AD Installation Wizard screen and guides you through the installation of a new Windows Server 2003 forest.

Note

An administrator can use the AD Installation Wizard to install the first domain controller in the new AD forest. The wizard can also use it to install additional domain controllers and child domains after the first domain controller installation is complete.

2.
On the Operating System Compatibility screen, read the information and then click Next.

3.
At the welcome screen, click Next to begin installing the new AD domain. Because this installation is a new domain and it is the first server in the domain, on the Domain Controller Type page, select Domain Controller for a New Domain. This option creates a new AD forest and configure the first domain controller in the new domain, as illustrated in Figure 3.

Figure 3. Domain controller for a new domain.


4.
To create the new domain in a new forest, on the Create New Domain page, select Domain in a New Forest, and click Next to continue.

5.
Enter the fully qualified DNS name of the new AD domain. This DNS name is not the same as the existing Windows NT domain name and must be unique to any domain names on your network. For this example, companyabc was used, as illustrated in Figure 4. Click Next to continue.

Figure 4. Full DNS name for a new domain.


6.
Enter the NetBIOS name information, and then click Next. The NetBIOS domain name is the name you want Windows NT 4.0 domains to use when identifying your new AD domain. It is usually the same name as your new domain.

7.
Depending on your server configuration design, select the location where the AD databases will be located.

Note

When configuring AD database locations, make sure that your server hardware configuration plan takes recoverability and performance into account.

For best performance, install the AD databases on a separate hard disk than the server operating system and server page file. Use the Browse buttons to select the disks where you want to store the AD databases.

For best recoverability, use disk fault tolerance such as RAID or disk mirroring for the AD databases.

8.
Use the Browse button to select the location where the SYSVOL folder will be installed or use the default location, and click Next. The SYSVOL folder contains the new AD domain’s data files. This information is replicated to all domain controllers in the domain and can be installed only on an NTFS volume. Your server design should account for the placement of the domain controller’s SYSVOL folder.

9.
On the Install and Configure DNS page, you can determine how DNS will be installed within the new AD domain. This page can be used to install DNS on the server or configure the upgrade to use a different DNS server on the network. Because this is the first domain controller in the new forest, select Install and Configure the DNS Server on This Computer. Choosing this option installs Microsoft DNS on the new domain controller and modifies the server’s TCP/IP properties to use the new DNS installation for name resolution, as illustrated in Figure 5.

Figure 5. Install and configure DNS for AD.


When you configure AD permissions, the forest functionality must be configured for compatibility with other Windows Server family operating systems.

10.
If the new domain installation will contain only Windows Server 2003 domain controllers, select permissions compatible with Windows 2000 or Windows Server 2003 operating systems. This option is applicable only when you’re adding new domain controllers to your domain. This does not affect backward compatibility when migrating existing Windows NT 4.0 domains to AD. For this example, select Permissions Compatible Only with Windows 2000 or Windows Server 2003 Operating Systems, and click Next to continue.

11.
Assign a password to the Directory Services Restore mode account. The Directory Services Restore mode password is used to recover a server in case of server failure. This password should be documented in a secure location in case a recovery of the server is required. When you’re configuring the password, keep in mind that each Windows Server 2003 server with AD in the domain has its own unique Directory Services Restore mode account. This account is not associated with the Domain Administrator account or any other Enterprise Administrator accounts in AD. Enter the Directory Services Restore password, and click Next.

12.
Review the server configuration, and click Finish. This step completes the installation of AD.

Restart the domain controller by selecting Restart Now. Log on after the server restarts and review the server’s Event Viewer application and system logs to identify any errors or potential problems with your installation before continuing.

 
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