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SharePoint 2010 : Service Applications - Consuming another Farm's Service

6/13/2013 7:53:44 PM
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Service applications can consume another service application. The advantage of this capability is leveraging resources that are defined and managed from a central location and distributed throughout the farm and/or farms.

Using the managed metadata service example from publishing, redundancy is reduced through reuse. The field created in one web application/site collection can be consumed in a completely separate web application/site collection. Maintenance of the content type is from a central location providing consistency and timeliness. As business and needs change, the organization can adapt quickly.

In this recipe, we will show how to consume another service application.

Getting ready

You must have local administrative permissions to the SharePoint 2010 web front-end (WFE) and have Farm Administrator privileges to Central Administration.

If you are consuming a service from another farm, a trust must be set up between farms. Refer to the Establishing a trust relationship between farms recipe on how to perform this action.

How to do it...

  1. Open the Central Administration screen and click Application Management.

  2. The third section is Service Applications. Under it, click Manage Service Application.

  3. Navigate the listing until your mouse is over the Manage Metadata Service option. The bar should be blue.

  4. The second ribbon component is Connect. Click the down arrow and seek the listing call Managed Metadata Service Connection. Choose this by clicking on it. The following screenshot will appear:

  5. Copy the published URL that was saved in step 4 ofPublishing a SharePoint Service recipe. After clicking OK, the following screenshot will appear:

  6. Click on the Managed Metadata Service link. Now the OK option will be enabled. After clicking OK, the following screenshot will appear:

  7. You may rename the connection. Leave this value to default and click OK.

The service is now connected.

How it works...

The Application Discovery and Load Balancer Service Application are the means by which farms know which service application are available to be consumed. This service is also referred to as the Topology Service.

When we published the service application, a URL was automatically created that we used as the input to step 4. This URL is what the Topology Service discovers. In step 5, the topology service shows the services that we could use as connections. In the example explained here, there is only one to choose.

Once everything is completed from the consume recipe, the new service application being consumed will appear with the name given in step 7 (referred to as Connect to: Managed Metadata Service) under the Managed Metadata Service.

There's more...

The setup of consuming another service can be done with scripts through the use of PowerShell. Here are the two associated PowerShell commands that must be run in the order shown:

PowerShell: Consuming Cmdlets

Receive-SPSharedServiceApplicationInfo -FarmUrl <PublishingFarmTopologyURL>

This step obtains the URL that will be used in the following step.

SP-ServiceApplicationProxy -Name"<ServiceApplicationProxyName>" -Url "<PublishingFarmTopologyURL>"

 
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