include graphics of any type in a document, adding captions explains
exactly what each illustration shows. Word’s References tab includes a
tool for adding a caption to any graphic that you select. Word
automatically numbers the captions so that you can refer to them by
number in the text. This helps the reader immensely if you need to refer
back to a graphic on a much earlier page in the document, because the
reader can identify the correct figure according to its number.
Follow these steps to add a caption:
Select the picture or other graphic by clicking it.
Choose References > Captions > Insert Caption. The Caption dialog box appears.
you want to change the label that appears with the caption number, make
another choice from the Label drop-down list or click the New Label
button, enter another label, and click OK to create the alternate label.
It is important to use the same label for all captions in the document,
not only for style reasons, but also for reasons you’ll learn more
about in the next section.
can click the Numbering button, choose another Format list option in
the Caption Numbering dialog box, and then click OK to change the
caption’s numbering style.
Click back in the Caption text box at the top of the Caption dialog box and type the caption.
Click OK. Figure 1 shows a caption and the Caption dialog box settings used to create it.
Figure 1. Adding a caption.
Try to use consistent
structure and punctuation for captions. For example, use all complete
sentences, or only one- or two-word labels. Either use a period at the
end of all captions, or none at all. As always, check the standards for
the course, school, or organization to learn the proper caption style.
Adding a Table of Figures
ATABLE OF FIGURES
is a list identifying the document page number on which each graphic
for which you’ve added a caption appears. Some academic and technical
environments prefer or require a table of figures to identify all
illustrations in a document. Generally, a table of figures appears at
the end of the document, along with other resources, such as the
bibliography and endnotes; although in some circumstances, placing the
table immediately after the table of contents makes the figures easier
to find and reference.
Follow these steps to create a table of figures:
First create a separate page for the table, if needed, and then position the insertion point at the top of the page.
Choose References > Captions > Insert Table of Figures. The Table of Figures dialog box shown in Figure 2 appears. The settings it offers are similar to those for the Table of Contents dialog box.
One important difference is the Caption Label drop-down list. The
setting you choose there must correspond to the Label option you
selected in the Caption dialog box when creating captions. Only captions
using the selected caption label will be listed in the finished table
of figures. You can clear the Include Label and Number check box if you
prefer to identify captions by their text alone.
Figure 2. Creating a table of figures.
Click OK to tell Word to generate the table of figures.
You can finish the table by adding a heading above it, if desired.
If you left Use Hyperlinks
Instead of Page Numbers checked in the Table of Figures dialog box, each
item in the table of figures list is a hyperlink that you can use to
move to the referenced graphic. Ctrl+click on any listed figure to jump
to that figure in the document.
for a table of contents, if the contents of your document change—such
as if you move, delete, or add more graphics with captions—you’ll need
to update the table. To do so, click in the table, and then choose
References > Captions > Update Table. Choose either Update Page
Numbers Only or Update Entire Table in the Update Table of Figures
dialog box, and then click OK.
Some styles also require
you to list tables in the document. To include both graphics and tables
in a single table of figures list, assign them all the same Label in the
Caption dialog box (such as Figure or a custom label). Then choose that
caption label in the Table of Figures dialog box. Or to list different
elements separately, use different caption label choices (such as Figure
versus Table), and then generate separate tables of figures by changing
the caption Label setting.