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: Windows Server 2008 and Windows Vista : Administrative (.adm) Templates (part 2) - Default Installed .adm Templates

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2.Working with .adm Templates

Acquiring an .adm template is only the first step in the process of updating the registry on a target computer or user account. You must then properly insert it into the GPO structure. You do this by importing the .adm template into the GPO that will target the computer or user accounts. The settings that are established in the .adm template will appear when the GPO is edited in the GPME, allowing the policy to be configured. Several default .adm templates are imported into every standard GPO, however, which creates the default administrative template section under both Computer Configuration and User Configuration.

3. Default Installed .adm Templates

Every new GPO has default Administrative Template sections. These sections are created by three or more .adm templates, depending on the operating system you are working with. The following is a list of the default .adm templates associated with each operating system:

  • Windows 2000: Conf.adm, Inetres.adm, System.adm (Wuau.adm is also installed on computers running Windows 2000 SP3 or later.)

  • Windows XP Professional: Conf.adm, Inetres.adm, System.adm, Wmplayer.adm (Wuau.adm is also installed on computers running Windows XP Professional SP1 or later.)

  • Windows Server 2003: Conf.adm, Inetres.adm, System.adm, Wmplayer.adm, Wuau.adm

Each successive version of an operating system has more features that must be controlled. Windows XP includes an .adm template to control Windows Media Player. Windows Server 2003 adds a new .adm template for controlling the Windows Update and Software Update Service (SUS) features. From version to version, the standard .adm templates have changed slightly.

Before you add or remove any .adm templates, you can view a list of the default .adm templates used with all new GPOs created on a computer running Windows Server 2003, shown in Figure 1.

Figure 1. The Add/Remove dialog box displays the default .adm templates for Windows Server 2003 GPOs.



4. Importing .adm Templates

If you want to use a particular .adm template to configure some policy settings in a GPO, you must import it into the GPO. Here are some tips that will help the import process go smoothly:

  • Make sure the syntax of the .adm template is correct. If it is incorrect, you will receive a message during the import process indicating that an error was recognized within the .adm template.

  • A single .adm template can contain both computer and user registry-based settings. The GPME handles the separation of the two sections when it displays the GPO with the new .adm template inserted.

  • You can store the .adm template anywhere you want before you import it into the GPO. During the import procedure, you can browse for the file on the local computer or on the network.

  • After you import an .adm template into a GPO, it is available to be configured in that GPO only. If you want the .adm template settings to be available for different GPOs, you must import the .adm template into each GPO.

  • The importing of the .adm template makes a copy of the file in the GPO structure stored in the SYSVOL of the domain controllers. The .adm template is copied into the ADM subfolder under the correct GPO folder represented by the GPO GUID.

 
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