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Windows Server 2012 : Deploying domain controllers using Server Manager (part 2) - First domain controller in new forest

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1/10/2014 12:58:10 AM

2. Running the AD DS Configuration Wizard

When you complete the installation of the role, the final page of the Configuration Wizard prompts you to promote the server to a domain controller. If you close the wizard at this point, you can still access the link to promote the server from the Notifications menu of Server Manager as shown in Figure 2.

You can use the Notifications menu to promote the server to a domain controller.
Figure 2. You can use the Notifications menu to promote the server to a domain controller.

Clicking the link to promote the server to a domain controller launches the AD DS Configuration Wizard. The steps of this wizard depend on which type of domain-controller deployment scenario you are performing. The upcoming sections cover the following scenario types:

  • First domain controller in new forest

  • Additional domain controller in new domain

  • First Windows Server 2012 domain controller in an existing forest

2.1 First domain controller in new forest

After the AD DS role has been added to the server, using the AD DS Configuration Wizard to promote the server to the first domain controller for a new forest involves the following steps:

  1. On the Deployment Configuration page of the wizard, shown in Figure 3, select the Add A New Forest option and specify the root domain for your new forest. Then proceed through the wizard and perform the steps that follow.

    Deploying the first domain controller for a new forest using the AD DS Configuration Wizard.
    Figure 3. Deploying the first domain controller for a new forest using the AD DS Configuration Wizard.
  2. On the Domain Controller Options page, specify a functional level for your new forest and root domain. The default forest and functional levels are Windows Server 2012. If you have no domain controllers running earlier versions of Windows Server in your environment, you should leave the defaults unchanged.

  3. On the same page, specify whether your domain controller should also be a DNS server. Microsoft recommends that all domain controllers also be DNS servers to ensure AD DS availability.

  4. On the same page, note that the first domain controller must be a global catalog server and that it cannot be an RODC.

  5. On the same page, enter a password for the Directory Services Restore Mode (DSRM) administrator account.

  6. On the DNS Options page, specify DNS delegation options if you are integrating AD DS with an existing DNS infrastructure. To do this, you can manually create a delegation for your new DNS server in its authoritative parent zone to ensure reliable name resolution from outside your AD DS environment. For example, if the root domain name of your new forest is corp.contoso.com as shown in Figure 3, you create a delegation for your DNS server in the authoritative parent zone on the DNS server that manages the public contoso.com domain for your organization.

  7. On the Additional Options page, the wizard suggests a NetBIOS name for your forest root domain. You can either accept what the wizard suggests or specify a different name of up to 15 Internet-standard characters (A–Z, a–z, 0–9, and “-” but not entirely numeric).

  8. On the Paths page, specify the location of the AD DS database, log files, and SYSVOL or accept the defaults.

  9. The Review Options page displays the results of your selections.

  10. The Prerequisites Check page verifies that all prerequisites have been met for successfully deploying the domain controller.

  11. Clicking Install promotes the server to a domain controller and automatically reboots the server at the end of the promotion operation.

Note

Windows PowerShell behind the wizard

The AD DS Configuration Wizard is built entirely on Windows PowerShell. In other words, you can think of the wizard as a UI that simply runs a Windows PowerShell command whose parameters are determined by the selections you made on the different wizard pages. On the Review Options page of the wizard, you can click View Script to display the Windows PowerShell script in Notepad. For example, if you are deploying the first domain controller for a new forest whose forest root domain is corp.contoso.com, the script that performs this action looks like this:

#
# Windows PowerShell script for AD DS Deployment
#

Import-Module ADDSDeployment
Install-ADDSForest `
-CreateDnsDelegation:$false `
-DatabasePath "C:\Windows\NTDS" `
-DomainMode "Win2012" `
-DomainName "corp.contoso.com" `
-DomainNetbiosName "CORP" `
-ForestMode "Win2012" `
-InstallDns:$true `
-LogPath "C:\Windows\NTDS" `
-NoRebootOnCompletion:$false `
-SysvolPath "C:\Windows\SYSVOL" `
-Force:$true

Being able to view the script behind the wizard provides several benefits. First, it enables you to quickly learn the syntax of Windows PowerShell cmdlets for AD DS deployment. And second, you can copy these scripts, customize them, and use them to automate the deployment of other domain controllers in your environment.

 
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