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SharePoint 2010 : Service Applications - Publishing a SharePoint service

6/13/2013 7:52:38 PM
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One of the key advantages of service applications is their ability to be consumed on an a la carte level. Use the service only as you need it. Extending this paradigm further, service applications are similar to services in a cloud. Use what you need, no matter what farm you are using.

This gives organizations the ability to pool their resources effectively. An example of a resource that could be shared is content types. Many organizations are ISO certified and as such they are required to collect particular information with regards to their documents. A content type can be set up to which custom fields are assigned. For example, we could create a field called Safety Training Date and assign that to the content type.

As the SharePoint installation grows, more web applications and site collections are created. The organization does not want to recreate the content type that contains the field safety training date in each farm. By publishing the metadata service, other farms can consume this service and no redundancy is created. Further, maintenance of the content type is from a central location providing consistency and timeliness. The organization can adapt easily to change.

In order to use another service application, it must be made available. This is referred to as publishing the service.

Getting ready

You must have local administrative permissions to the SharePoint 2010 web front-end (WFE) and have Farm Administrator privileges to Central Administration.

How to do it...

  1. Open the Central Administration screen and click Application Management.

  2. The third section is Service Applications. Under it click Manage Service Applications.

  3. Navigate to the service you will be publishing. Click to the right of the service name and check to see that the ribbon has lit up. The chosen service should look like the following screenshot:

  4. Click Publish on the ribbon. The following form appears:

    Fill in the required information.

    • Connection Type: Usehttp from the available drop-down list.

    • Publish to other Farms: Check this box.

    • Trusted Farms: Use this link to create a new trust relationship. This process is detailed in the recipe called Establishing a trust relationship between two farms.

    • Published URL: This URL will be used when we consume another farm's service. Copy this to Notepad for reference.

    • Description Text: This is an informational description and URL where you provide information about the service. Provide a description that gives supporting information as to why this is being done.

    • Information URL: Provide the link to the web page that has been set up previously. Include a description text that gives an explanation about the trust being set up.

Once you have filled in the required information, click OK.

How it works...

The key component in publishing a service is the Published URL. This is created when publishing a service. It is the reference back to the service being published.

The URL will be provided to the consuming farm. This should be copied to a separate location so that the administrators know where to reference it.

There's more...

Publishing a Service Application can be done with the help of scripts, through the use of PowerShell. Here is the associated Powershell command:

PowerShell: Publishing Service Cmdlet
Publish-SPServiceApplication -Identity <ServiceApplicationGUID>

More info

Only the following service applications can be published between SharePoint farms:

  • Business Data Connectivity

  • Managed Metadata

  • People

  • Search

  • Secure Store

  • Web Analytics

 
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