IT tutorials
 
Technology
 

Using the Debugging Tools Available in Windows Server 2012 : TCP/IP Tools (part 3) - Route, Nslookup, DCDiag

11/24/2014 3:15:36 AM
- How To Install Windows Server 2012 On VirtualBox
- How To Bypass Torrent Connection Blocking By Your ISP
- How To Install Actual Facebook App On Kindle Fire
Route

Route is particularly useful for troubleshooting incorrect static routes or for adding a route to a route table to temporarily bypass a problem gateway. Static routes can be used in place of implicit routes specified by a default gateway. Use Route to add static routes to forward packets going to a gateway specified by default to avoid loops, improve traffic time, and so on.

The parameters for Route are as follows:

-add—Adds a route to a table. Use –p to make the route persistent for subsequent sessions.

-Delete—Deletes a route from the table.

-Print—Prints a route.

-change—Modifies an existing route.

-destination—Specifies the host address.

-gateway—Specifies the address of gateway for Route.

IF interface—Specifies the interface for the routing table to modify.

-mask Netmask—Uses the subnet mask specified by Netmask. If -mask is not used, it defaults to 255.255.255.255.

-METRIC Metric—Specifies the metric, or cost, for the route using the value Metric.

-f—Clears the routing table of all gateway entries.

-p—Used with -add to create a persistent route.

Nslookup

Nslookup is used to query DNS. You can think of Nslookup as a simple diagnostic client for DNS servers. It can operate in two modes: Interactive and Noninteractive. Use Noninteractive mode to look up a single piece of data. To look up more than one piece of data, use Interactive mode. To stop Interactive mode at any time, press Ctrl+B. To exit from the command, type exit. If Nslookup is used without any parameters, it uses the default DNS name server for lookup.

The parameters for Nslookup are as follows:

-ComputerToFind—Looks up information for the specified ComputerToFind. By default, it uses the current default DNS name server.

-Server—Specifies the server as the DNS name server.

-SubCommand—Specifies one or more Nslookup subcommands as a command-line option. Type a question mark (?) to display a list of subcommands available.

DCDiag

The Domain Controller Diagnostic (DCDiag) tool analyzes the state of domain controllers and services in an Active Directory forest. It is installed when the Active Directory Domain Services (AD DS) role is added to a Windows Server 2012 installation. This is a great general-purpose test tool for checking the health of an Active Directory infrastructure.

Tests include domain controller connectivity, replication errors, permissions, proper roles, and connectivity, and other general Active Directory health checks. It can even run non-domain controller-specific tests, such as whether a server can be promoted to a domain controller (the dcpromo test), or register its records properly in DNS (RegisterInDNS test).

DCDiag is run on domain controllers exclusively, with the exception of the dcpromo and RegisterInDNS tests.

When run without any parameters, the tests will be run against the current domain controller. This runs all the key tests and is usually sufficient for most purposes.

The parameters for DCDiag are as follows:

/s:DomainController—Uses the domain controller as the home server

/n:NamingContext—Uses the specified naming context (NetBIOS, FQDN, or distinguished name) to test

/u:Domain\UserName /p:{*|Password|””}—Uses the supplied credentials to run the tool

/a—Tests all domain controllers in the site

/e—Tests all domain controllers in the enterprise

/q—Displays quiet output (errors only)

/v—Displays verbose output

/I—Ignores minor error messages

/fix—Fixes minor problems

/f:LogFile—Logs to the specified log file

/ferr:ErrorLogFile—Logs errors to the specified log file

/c—Comprehensively runs all tests

/test:TestName—Runs the specified tests only

/skip:TestName—Skips the specified tests

When specifying tests to run or to skip, nonskippable tests will still be run.


Note

DCDiag is automatically included on a Windows Server 2012 system when the Active Directory Domain Services role is added. Otherwise, on non-domain controllers, the utility can be added by adding the Remote Server Administration Tools feature in Server Manager.

 
Others
 
- Using the Debugging Tools Available in Windows Server 2012 : TCP/IP Tools (part 2) - Pathping, Ipconfig, ARP , Netstat
- Using the Debugging Tools Available in Windows Server 2012 : TCP/IP Tools (part 1) - Ping, Tracert
- Using the Debugging Tools Available in Windows Server 2012 : Best Practices Analyzer Tools
- Windows Server 2012 : Logging and Debugging - Setting Baseline Values
- Microsoft Exchange Server 2013 : Preserving information (part 10) - Executing searches with EMS , What Exchange can search
- Microsoft Exchange Server 2013 : Preserving information (part 9) - Using groups with searches, Removing a search
- Microsoft Exchange Server 2013 : Preserving information (part 8) - How in-place holds work
- Microsoft Exchange Server 2013 : Preserving information (part 7) - Resource throttling for searches
- Microsoft Exchange Server 2013 : Preserving information (part 6) - Examining search results
- Microsoft Exchange Server 2013 : Preserving information (part 5) - Retrieving discovered content
 
 
Top 10
 
- Microsoft Visio 2013 : Adding Structure to Your Diagrams - Finding containers and lists in Visio (part 2) - Wireframes,Legends
- Microsoft Visio 2013 : Adding Structure to Your Diagrams - Finding containers and lists in Visio (part 1) - Swimlanes
- Microsoft Visio 2013 : Adding Structure to Your Diagrams - Formatting and sizing lists
- Microsoft Visio 2013 : Adding Structure to Your Diagrams - Adding shapes to lists
- Microsoft Visio 2013 : Adding Structure to Your Diagrams - Sizing containers
- Microsoft Access 2010 : Control Properties and Why to Use Them (part 3) - The Other Properties of a Control
- Microsoft Access 2010 : Control Properties and Why to Use Them (part 2) - The Data Properties of a Control
- Microsoft Access 2010 : Control Properties and Why to Use Them (part 1) - The Format Properties of a Control
- Microsoft Access 2010 : Form Properties and Why Should You Use Them - Working with the Properties Window
- Microsoft Visio 2013 : Using the Organization Chart Wizard with new data
programming4us programming4us
 
Popular tags
 
Video Tutorail Microsoft Access Microsoft Excel Microsoft OneNote Microsoft PowerPoint Microsoft Project Microsoft Visio Microsoft Word Active Directory Biztalk Exchange Server Microsoft LynC Server Microsoft Dynamic Sharepoint Sql Server Windows Server 2008 Windows Server 2012 Windows 7 Windows 8 Adobe Indesign Adobe Flash Professional Dreamweaver Adobe Illustrator Adobe After Effects Adobe Photoshop Adobe Fireworks Adobe Flash Catalyst Corel Painter X CorelDRAW X5 CorelDraw 10 QuarkXPress 8 windows Phone 7 windows Phone 8 BlackBerry Android Ipad Iphone iOS
Celebrity Style, Fashion Trends, Beauty and Makeup Tips.